Jardim da Cordoaria ou João Chagas
This beautifull garden was the first green area in town. Projected by the german architect Émile David in XIX century.
It as this name, because of the activities of the “cordoeiros” (the people who were doing the repair of strings and manufacture of fish nets), more than 200 years.
In the Garden of João Chagas, better known as Cordoaria Garden, there was a very curious “ulmus”. This old tree was planted in 1612 and only died (standing!) more than three hundred years later! It resisted many storms and came out totally unharmed from a fire.
She is usually accused of having given up one of her most powerful branches to hang criminals and bandits in the city. False accusation! No one has ever been hanged from the so-called “hanging tree”. The first accusation says that it was from this tree that Judge José de Mascarenhas ordered to hang the rebels who dared to protest against the Marquês de Pombal, in the famous rebellion of the “falsos Taberneiros”.
The rebels died in Cordoaria, yes, but in six wooden forks that were purposely raised in the Olive Grove (Campo do Olival).
In 1829, there were new hangings. The death of twelve liberals who would come to be considered as the “Mártires da Pátria”. These were also hanged, but in the old Praça Nova, today Liberty Square (Praça da Liberdade).
Discover the garden with our special tour: SEARCHING FOR PUBLIC ART